Month: November 2020

The latest data on the incidence and mortality of lung cancer in China

On October 1, 2020, the National Cancer Center and the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences released the latest report on lung cancer in China in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology (JTO), which lists the latest data on the incidence and mortality of lung cancer in China and systematically introduces the current status of lung cancer screening, prevention and control and the development of treatment methods such as surgery, radiotherapy, and systemic therapy. The data published in this report are registered in 2015. “Cancer statistics were updated by the National Central Cancer Registry on the basis of data from 368 qualified cancer registries. It was estimated that the total number of newly diagnosed cases of lung cancer in the People’s Republic of China in 2015 was about 787,000, corresponding to over 2100 new lung cancer diagnoses each day.” This means, every minute 1.5 people are diagnosed with lung cancer and 1 person dies from lung cancer. In 2015, the number of lung cancer deaths nationwide was 630,500, and one out of every four cancer deaths was due to lung cancer.

DiDi, China’s Uber, presents D1, a new species of electric “shared cars”

DiDi is China’s major internet platform for shared travel, with a record of 550 million passengers and 10 billion trips. In cooperation with BYD cars in Shanghai, DiDi has now launched the D1 electric car whose conveniences are based on the experience of the company on shared travel. It is sold exclusively to registered online drivers, not to individual customers. Apart from improvements for the drivers, passengers can use remote control from their mobile phone to adjust temperature, air conditioner and other features in the car in advance before boarding. The D1 is equipped with the AEB system, an automatic brake when there is an obstacle on the road. CHENG Wei, founder and CEO of DiDi, projects that by 2025 more than one million shared cars will be linked on the company’s online platform, and by 2030, the cockpits will have been removed resulting in fully driverless shared cars.

China has the world’s highest research output in 5 areas of sustainable development

November 18, 2020 – Elsevier, the global academic publisher of information analytics and medical technology, held a press conference to launch the report “The Power of Data to Advance the Sustainable Development Goals-Mapping research for the SDGs”. According to the News of Xinhua Agency “Over the past five years, China has ranked among the world’s top 10 countries in the number of scientific research publications in 15 of the 16 statistically significant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and ranked first in the world in research output related to five of the SDGs.” These include SDG6 clean water and sanitation, SDG7 affordable and clean energy, SDG9 industry, innovation and infrastructure, SDG11 sustainable cities and communities, and SDG12 responsible consumption and production Xinhua News, November 18, 2020

CAS releases “2020 Research Frontiers”, showing China’s strengths and weaknesses in science

The report and a “2020 Research Frontiers Heat Map” was set up by the CAS Strategic Consulting Institute of Science and Technology, the CAS Literature Intelligence Center and CredoVian, a Shanghai-based Technology Transfer Center. It covers 110 hot frontiers and 38 emerging frontiers in 11 disciplines: agricultural sciences, botany and zoology, ecology and environmental sciences, earth sciences, clinical medicine, biological sciences, chemistry and materials science, physics, astronomy and astrophysics, mathematics, information science, economics, psychology and other social sciences.The analysis was based on the impact factors of scientific publications from 2014-2019, with the following results: ·      In the 11 subject areas as a whole, the U.S. ranked first, with a score of 226 (all scores rounded), followed by China with a score of 151. The United Kingdom and Germany ranked 3rd and 4th with scores of 78 and 74. Japan was on position 12 with a score of 30. ·      China ranked first in 4 fields: (1) agricultural sciences, botany and zoology, (2) chemistry and materials science, (3) mathematics, and (4) information science. ·      In chemistry and materials science, China’s “Frontier Heat Index” score of 40 was 2.7 times higher than that of the USA with a score of 15 points. Singapore, Germany and South Korea were ranked 3-5 with scores of 4, 3 and 2, respectively. ·      Relatively weak rankings were observed for China in clinical medicine. However, China’s ranking improved significantly in these fields as well over the past 5 years.

Uganda’s Karuma hydropower plant nearing completion

Karuma Hydro Power Plant is an Uganda flagship project financed by the Export Import Bank (EXIM) of China. The EXIM bank is financing 85 percent of the project while the rest in funded by the Ugandan government. The cost of the project is about 1.7 billion U.S. dollars. The plant is critical in addressing the country’s increasing electricity demand in efforts to fast track industrialization. Inadequate power supply is one of the key bottlenecks to fast tracking Uganda’s economic development. According to the government, Karuma will generate electricity in a phased manner, starting with the already completed turbines until the final turbine, leading to an installed capacity of 600 MW. Sinohydro is also in charge of the Karuma Interconnection Project, which will evacuate power from the plant. There are three transmission lines that will be leaving the power plant heading to different directions. According to Sinohydro’s progress report, work was delayed due to COVID19 measures, but overall work has reached 94.5 percent completion. Most of the tower erection and stringing works have been done, except in a few places where there has been a challenge of accessing the way. This, according to Sinohydro has led to delays in completing the works. Xinhua news release, November 14, 2020

China has in excess of 900 “internet hospitals”

According to a spokesman of China’s National Health and Welfare Commission NHC, “internet hospitals” have increased from about 100 in 2018 to over 900 by the end of 2020. The NHC requires “internet hospitals” to develop an internet platform, integrate online and offline services, provide online reexaminations, and online drug delivery for some common and chronic diseases. Japan JST China news, November 17, 2020

Shanghai has become a “Double 1000M Broadband City”

Shanghai’s 1000M fixed broadband now reaches 9.6 million households, with an average broadband downlink speed of 50.32Mbps. In addition, over 31000 5G base stations are installed outdoor, and close to 50000 indoors, with up to 800Mbps downlink speed. 1000Mbps or 125MB/s on average lead to the following download duration: MP3 file = 3MB: less than 1 second, TV episode = 350MB: 3 seconds, 720p High Definition TV episode = 950MB: 8 seconds, and Blu-Ray Movie = 15GB: 2 minutes. Science and Technology Daily, November 13, 2020

China’s transportation infrastructure was significantly modernized during the “135” period

By the end of 2020, which is also the end of the “135” period, the country’s high-speed rail mileage and highway network are expected to reach 38,000 km and 155,000 km respectively. The number of civilian transport airports will be 242. According to a railway official, by 2035 the total length of China’s railway tracks will reach about 200,000 km, including 70,000 km of high-speed railway. People’s Daily Online, November 17, 2020

China: 5G base stations close to 700,000, 5G mobile phones 124 million

According to a spokesman of MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology), China has now installed close to 700,000 5G stations, twice the total of the rest of the world. This infrastructure is expected to drive economic development and consumption. Already, 124 million units of 183 different models of 5G mobile phone have been sold.  Xinhua news release, November 14, 2020

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