Month: September 2022

Listed Pharma startups in Taiwan Nikkei Biotech has published a list of pharma ventures in Taiwan. These are Company name Security code Listing date Business PharmaEssentia Corp 6446 2016 Treatment of erythrocyte hyperplasia etc. P1101 has already been launched in Europe, the U.S. and other markets Polaris Group 6550 2022 Anti-cancer drugs. P3 study of ADI-PEG20, a treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma Oneness Biotech Co 4743 2011 Drugs for atopic dermatitis, etc. FB825 is licensed out to LEO Pharma Lotus Pharmaceutical Co 1795 2010 Generic drugs for respiratory and neurological diseases. Affiliated with Alvogen of the U.S. EirGenix Inc. 6589 2019 Biosimilars and contract manufacturing of biopharmaceuticals and coronavirus vaccine products Medigen Vaccine Biologics Corp 6547 2018 Various vaccines for new coronas, influenza, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, etc. Bora Pharmaceuticals Co 6472 2017 CDMO. Increased production capacity through acquisition of another company’s plant PharmaEngine Inc 4162 2012 Subsidiary of Chi-Cing Pharmaceutical. Develops anti-cancer drugs. Onivade, a pancreatic cancer drug, is approved in Japan, the U.S. and Europe ScinoPharm Taiwan 1789 2011 Leading manufacturer of API. Business alliance with Baxter. Affiliated with Taiwan’s major food company, Unification Corp. Tanvex BioPharma Inc 6541 2017 Developer of biosimilars. Production bases in the U.S. and Taiwan. Affiliated with Taiwanese major Jun Tai Taiwan has achieved an economic growth rate of over 6% in 2021 and expects economic growth in the 3% range in 2022. The total market capitalization of the top 10 drug discovery venture companies this year was NT$620 billion (approximately 19,7 billion €), more than double that of the previous year.

Chinese companies build wind farms and solar fields in Jordan China’s Three Gorges International Corporation (CTGI) has built and acquired a wind farm in Shobak, Jordan. which was put into operation in 2021 with an installed capacity of 45 MW. The project could power around 30,000 Jordanian households within a year. In addition CGTI operates another wind farm and a solar power plant in Jordan. The three plants have a capacity of 156 MW and can provide Jordan with 440 million kWh of clean energy every year. According to Jordan’s Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, renewable energy sources contributed around 29 percent of Jordan’s total energy output as of the end of July 2022, and the country aims to increase the proportion to 50 percent in 2030. Chinese companies including the CTGI are playing a critical role in Jordan’s built-up of environment-friendly power projects and have also signed internship contracts with local universities in Jordan, offering technical training for students.

China starts first 10 kt green hydrogen iron-making project

The project is jointly done by the Angang Group, the CAS Institute of Process Engineering), the CAS Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Shanghai University and others. It is considered of great significance to the development of a green and low-carbon steel industry in China, as the iron and steel industry are the main energy consumers and carbon dioxide emitters in China. The project adopts electrolytic water hydrogen production and ironmaking technology in a fluidised bed by hydrogen reduction. The process is planned to be put into operation in 2023.

Greening the Gobi desert under a photovoltaic umbrella A view of the site of the 500,000-kW class photovoltaic industrialization project for combating desertification by Gansu Yiheng New Energy Co. (Photo by Li Yalong) In Wuwei, Gansu Province, staff members of Gansu Billion Heng New Energy Co. were planting trees at the site of a 500,000-kW class photovoltaic field. This project is the first phase of a large-scale wind and solar power generation base project to construct solar power plants, pasture areas for ecological restoration, and windbreak areas in the Gobi Desert and wilderness areas. Underneath the solar panels, Japanese knotweed, purple crane, and sami have been planted.

High-level S&T meeting between China and Japan on zero CO2 emissions

The “2021-22 China-Japan High-Level Researchers Exchange Meeting (Decarbonization and Growth),” jointly organized by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and Tsinghua University, took place on September 21 in Beijing. Nearly 30 researchers and business representatives from China and Japan participated in the activity, which focused on “virtually zero carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions,” with nearly 10,000 people participating online. Science and technology innovation cooperation is considered an important component of China-Japan relations. The two countries have complementary advantages and great potential for cooperation. The governments of China and Japan have both decided on carbon neutrality goals and are promoting a substantial model shift to a low-carbon society. The forum set up three sub-forums on “Zero Emissions in the Transportation Sector,” “Building a Decarbonized Society,” and “Roadmap for Urban and Rural Development and Zero Emissions in the Transportation Sector”. To date, the “China-Japan High-Level Researchers Exchange Forum” has been held in eight areas: disaster prevention and mitigation, smart manufacturing, pharmaceuticals and healthcare, brain science, marine environment, public health, low-carbon living, and energy model transformation. It has become a stage for the opening and exchange of top-level Chinese and Japanese researchers, and has promoted future cooperation between Chinese and Japanese research institutions.

About the sugar uptake in Clostridium thermocellum: CAS QIBEBT CUI Qiu and colleagues from the CAS Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) have combined genetic approaches and various biophysical techniques to identify the sugar transporters in C. thermocellum.  Instead of multiple transporters to collect and move sugars like other microorganisms, C. thermocellum primarily uses transporter B to take up cellodextrins derived from cellulose. This strain also uses transporter A to take up glucose and make use of it, but only after it is properly adapted,  Cellulosome expression is regulated by a group of sigma/anti-sigma factors with substrate-sensing and transcription activity, while is also coupled with sugar transport.

Genistet, a soybean ingredient, prevents cardiovascular side effects of marijuana Researchers at the Taiwan National Taiwan University (NTU)  have found that genistein, a component in soybeans, red clover and other plants, prevents the adverse cardiovascular effects of marijuana use. The results of this study were published in the journal Cell. Epidemiological studies have shown that marijuana use is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease. In addition, patients who receive medications containing delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a key component of marijuana that produces a “high” sensation, may experience cardiovascular side effects, including changes in heart rate and blood pressure. A joint research team of researchers from NTU, NTU Hospital, Academia Sinica, and Stanford University has discovered that genistein prevents the damage that THC causes to the inner walls of circulatory blood vessels.  Although genistein blocks THC’s access to endothelial cells and reduces its negative effects, it does not interfere with the appetite stimulation or pain and nausea suppression effects that are so important for medical marijuana users.

Taiwan’s ITRI holds workshop on “Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence” Taiwan’s Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) on August 2 hosted the 2022 International Workshop on Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence (AI) online. More than 500 participating experts discussed AI risk management and trustworthy AI systems. Taiwan’s establishment of a reliable AI framework, its introduction into products, and its global dissemination will lead to further growth of Taiwan’s industry and the realization of the “Smart Taiwan 2030” vision of innovation, inclusiveness, and sustainability. Taiwan is willing to cooperate with national research institutes worldwide such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the United States and the French National Metrology Institute (LNE).

Taiwan and UK discuss offshore wind power, port development and biomass The Bureau of Energy, Taiwan’s Ministry of Economic Affairs, and the British Office Taipei, Taiwan’s equivalent of an embassy, jointly held the 4th Taiwan-UK Energy Dialogue on July 5. Experts from both Taiwanese and British government agencies and organizations were invited to share their knowledge and experiences on offshore wind power, port development policies, and the role of biomass and emission reduction policies to achieve virtually zero (net-zero) greenhouse gas emissions. Taiwan plans to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 and wants to increase its share of renewable energy in the energy mix as one of its key strategies. During the dialogue, Taiwan International Ports Corporation and the United Kingdom agreed to cooperate on port facilities for offshore wind power in Taiwan. In addition, Taiwan and the UK will cooperate on power grid reform.

McDonald open first “zero-carbon” restaurant in Beijing McDonald’s China announced the official opening of its Beijing McDonald’s Shougangyuan drive-thru restaurant on September 20. This is also China’s first “zero carbon restaurant. The store will be located in an international green building. The store is designed and built in accordance with the international green building certification system (LEED) zero-emission and zero-energy standards. A photovoltaic system covering more than 2,000 square meters has been installed on site, generating approximately 330,000 kWh of electricity annually. The system will meet the electricity needs of the store’s daily operations and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by approximately 200 tons annually. The McDonald’s “Green Restaurant” full-set energy saving and emission reduction system will also reduce the store’s average annual electricity consumption by 35-40% from the fast food restaurant average through energy saving IoT (Internet of Things) energy consumption management system, inverter smoke exhaust system, air conditioning system, ventilation system, LED lighting, etc. The average annual power consumption of the stores is reduced by 35-40% from the average value.

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