Month: February 2020

China’s Aerospace Information Research Institute (AIR) develops forecast model for desert locust migration

Based on the Digital Earth Science Platform of AIR, teams around HUANG Wenjiang and DONG Yingying have used multi-source earth observation data, meteorological data, field data, and self-developed models and algorithms to analyze putative paths of desert locust which presently plague East Africa and Southwest Asia. developed by AIR. They conclude that if the locusts in Pakistan and India cannot be controlled effectively and when the Southwest Monsoon is extremely strong, there may be some probability for the locust moving from India to Myanmar via Bangladesh, and a higher risk to invade China’s Yunnan and Tibet from May to June 2020. CAS news release, February 27, 2020

Huawei plans ICT training for talented Egyptian students

Huawei Egypt’s CEO SUN Luocheng and Egypt’s Minister of Higher Education, Khaled Abdel-Ghaffar, have signed an MOU aiming to establish a long-term partnership to develop university infrastructure and train young ICT talents. There exists already an agreement to establish the Huawei ICT Academy in Egypt at Ain Shams University in Cairo. The ICT training program will start from May this year, training students from the beginning of the academic year 2020/2021. Xinhua news release, Feburary 26, 2020

Huawei increases ICT capacity building in Ethiopia

According the the CEO of Huawei Ethiopia, ZHOU Tianbing, Huawei has launched three major initiatives: (1) “Seeds for the Future”, (2) an ICT competition, and (3) an ICT Talent Ecosystem, at the levels of elementary, secondary and higher education. The “Seeds for Future” project started in 2016, whereby 10 most talented students are sent to China every year for short-term training, in cooperation with the Ethiopian Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MoSHE) Since 2018, there is an ICT Competition, in which 2,357 students from 22 universities of Ethiopia participated in 2019. One teacher and three students have qualified for the final competition to be held in China. In 2020, Huawei has targeted to engage more than 3,000 students from 28 universities to show their talents in the ICT competition. For the ICT Talent Ecosystem of Ethiopia, Huawei signed an agreement with MoSHE in January 2017 for joint construction of ICT Academies in 37 public institutions of higher education. According to Huawei, more than 300,000 college students have become beneficiaries of digital research and development, digital education and distant education through their programs. Xinhua news release, February 18, 2020

CAS Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics develops Pd composite membrane for ammonia to hydrogen fuel cells

Researchers at the CAS DICP have developed a stainless steel reactor with a palladium composite membrane which allowed ammonia decomposition to hydrogen under long-term stable operation for 2000 h. Combination with an ammonia decomposing Ru/MgO catalyst in a membrane reactor reduced the temperature for complete ammonia decomposition from above 748 K to 673 K at stable operation for 200 h.  CAS news release, February 13, 2020

142 Seawater desalination projects in China completed by the end of 2018

According to the Ministry of Natural Resources, by the end of 2018 142 seawater desalination projects were completed, with a scale of 1,121,700 tons per day. The largest single unit of the seawater desalination project is 200,000 tons per day. Technology mainly adopts reverse osmosis and multi-stage flash seawater desalination. In the Northern Ocean Economic Zone around Tianjin, Shandong and Hebei, projects focus on large-scale industrial seawater desalination for the electricity and steel industry. In the eastern and southern marine economic zones, there are many private seawater desalination projects on remote islands, mainly distributed in Zhejiang and Guangdong, with 100-ton and 1,000-ton projects. In addition to seawater desalination, seawater used for cooling by the end of 2018 increased to 13,156 million tons. Japan JST China news, February 10, 2020

Chinese-French oceanographic CFOSat satellite put into service

After 8 month in-orbit-testing, the oceanography satellite co-developed by China and France and launched in October 2018 was now put into service. The satellite acquires high-accuracy remote sensing data with its scatterometer and wave spectrometer, and can conduct high-resolution observations of ocean surface wind fields, which have been applied in monitoring typhoons, hurricanes, and the Arctic and Antarctic sea ice. The observation data will play an important role in global marine environment monitoring, disaster prevention and tackling climate change. Xinhua news release, February 21, 2020

CAS Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics converts biomass fatty acids to long-chain alanes under mild conditions

Researchers around WANG Feng from the Bioenergy Chemicals Research Group have developed a photocatalytic decarboxylation procedure to convert long-chain fatty acids to alkanes under mild conditions. They used low-value long-chain fatty acids from a bio-oil refining process and paper industry production. Through catalytic deoxygenation, long-chain alkanes where obtained, which were used to produce diesel and aviation kerosene. At room temperature, low hydrogen pressure (≤0.2 MPa) and UV light, the yield was > 90%. CAS news release, February 20, 2020

CAS QIBEBT develops perovskite oxide-based porous membrane for solar-driven evaporation and regeneration

Biological pollutants such as algae, or organic pollutants cause pollution of photothermal films in solar-driven water evaporation. They can be removed by high-temperature degradation, resulting in considerable energy consumption. The group around JIANG Heqing at CAS Qingdao Institute of Bio-Energy and Environmental Biotechnology (QIBEBT) has used the catalytic and photothermal properties of cobalt-based perovskite for a multifunctional perovskite oxide porous membrane. In tests using algae and melamine as pollutants, the La0.7Sr0.3CoO3 (LSCO) porous membrane significantly reduced the combustion decomposition temperature of the pollutants attached to it, reducing the energy consumption of the porous membrane during the combustion process. Performance could be almost completely restored after multiple membrane regeneration cycles.  CAS news release, February 19, 2020

Chinese specialists explore potential of TCM drugs in treatment of Coronavirus infections

According to a press conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, China’s think-tank, on February 18, in-vitro experiments with 54 TCM pharmaceuticals and related drugs at a Guangzhou Hospital have shown that 5 among these drugs suppressed Coronavirus infections and had anti-inflammatory effects. They are hoped to complement treatment by Western medicine, at least for mild cases of infection. Japan JST China news, February 19, 2020

Scroll to top