China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology aims to establish an innovation system for humanoid robots by 2025, achieve breakthroughs in key technologies concerning “cerebrum, cerebellum, and limbs,” and bring finished products to the world.
The strategic plan is for three-year with a five-year outlook: to raise finished products to the world’s most advanced level and achieve mass production by 2027; to apply models in special, manufacturing, and consumer services; and to explore and form effective governance mechanisms and measures. To foster 2-3 ecosystem-type enterprises with global influence and several “specialized and new” (specialized, precise, distinctive, and novel) SMEs, to form 2-3 industrial development cluster areas, and to foster and pioneer several “new businesses, new models, and new business models”. By 2027, large-scale development of the industry will be realised.
In the area of breakthroughs in key technologies, the breakthroughs in artificial intelligence (AI) technologies such as large-scale models will play a leading role, and based on existing mature robotics technologies, breakthroughs will be achieved in key technologies related to the “cerebrum,” “cerebellum,” and “limbs” of humanoid robots, and in technology innovation systems, with emphasis on the following This will include the achievement of breakthroughs in key technologies related to the “cerebrum,” “cerebellum,” and “limbs” of humanoid robots, as well as in technological innovation systems. This includes the development of the “cerebrum” of humanoid robots based on AI large-scale models; enhancement of environment sensing, behavior control, and man-machine interaction capabilities; development of the “cerebellum” to control humanoid robot motion; systematic arrangement of the “mechanical limb” key technology cluster; robot arms and flexible limbs manufacturing, research and development of key technology clusters related to the robot body, establishment and development of a humanoid robot manufacturing technology innovation system, and acceleration of the integration of humanoid robots and advanced technologies such as metaverse and brain-machine interface.
In terms of scene expansion and application, the committee put forward opinions and measures in three directions: special fields, manufacturing industry typical scenes, and consumer and key industries. Specifically, the report focuses on (1) accelerating the application of humanoid robots in special environments and enhancing their abilities to control the body, move rapidly, and sense accurately in complex environments to meet the demand for adverse conditions and hazardous tasks, (2) focusing on key manufacturing industries such as 3C (computer, communication, and consumer electronics) products and automobiles, and (3) developing new applications for humanoid robots in the field of tool operation and operation, and (4) developing new applications for humanoid robots in the field of robotics, (3) Expand the application of humanoid robots in consumer services such as medical care and housekeeping to meet the needs of quality of life in healthcare and nursing care, and in key industries such as agriculture and logistics. and promote applications in key industries such as agriculture and logistics.