The CAS Literature Information Center and Elsevier have analyzed China’s scientific research related to gender. To this end, the scientific output of more than 160,000 Chinese scientific researchers from 2005 to 2019 was analyzed. The number of male researchers far exceeded that of female researchers, but the percentage of female researchers was increasing year by year, from 13% in 2005 to 27.7% in 2019. Scientific research output from women received about the same amount of attention as men. By subject, women excelled in life sciences and medicine, especially in neuroscience and pharmacology, but had less academic influence than men in fields such as material science, computer science, and engineering. Female scientific researchers usually had more co-authors than males, and the size of female-led scientific research teams was larger than that of males. Male scientists, on the other hand, were more active in international cooperation.